Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Manual – Table of Contents

1110.020.30 Governmental Payments

IM-47, April 27, 2021; IM-04, January 26, 2021; IM-35, April 29, 2020, IM-162, October 10, 2019, IM-14 February 23, 2007, IM-64 May 21, 1999

Exclude the following governmental payments from the resource determination.

  • Exclude Earned Income Tax Credit (EIC) in the month received and the following month. Exclude EIC payments for 12 months when received by any EU member meeting both of the following: 1) was a food stamp participant at the time the payment was received and 2) participates in the Food Stamp program continuously for the 12 months of the exclusion period. Participation is considered continuous at recertification unless there is a break of more than one calendar month between the last month the member received benefits and the date of reapplication. If the member does not continuously participate, count the remaining EIC payment as a resource when the member reapplies.
  • Exclude Federal energy assistance payments or allowances and Federal or State one-time assistance for weatherization or emergency repair or replacement of heating or cooling devices. These payments or allowances must be clearly identified as energy assistance by the legislative body authorizing the program or providing the funds. Excluded federal payments include energy assistance provided through the Department of Health and Human Services, Low Income Energy Assistance and Crisis Intervention Programs.
  • WIC program payments or benefits to participating persons (Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children).
  • School Breakfast and Lunch Program: the value of Assistance to Children under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and the National School Lunch Program.
  • Any governmental payments designated for restoring a home damaged in a disaster, if the EU is subject to legal sanction if the funds are not used as intended, such as those made by the Individual and Family Grant Program or certain Small Business Administration loans.
  • Individual and Family Grant assistance received under Section 408 of the Disaster Relief Act and Emergency Assistance amendments of 1988. Also, comparable payments made by state and local governments or disaster assistance organizations.
  • When the Secretary of Agriculture declares a farm emergency due to a natural disaster, any payments made under P.L. 100-387 to farmers following such a declaration.
  • Educational assistance provided under Title IV of the Higher Education Act and by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Mandatory deductions from military pay for educational purposes while the participant is enlisted. (P.L. 99-576)
  • PASS Program: funds SSI recipients set aside under an approved plan for achieving self-support. SSA must approve the written plan.
  • Payments received from the Youth Incentive Entitlement Pilot Projects, the Youth Community Conservation and Improvement Projects, and the Youth Employment and Training Programs under the Youth Employment and Demonstration Project Act of 1977. This does not include payments from the Young Adults Conservation Corps or the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA).
  • Reimbursements from the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policy Act of 1970.
  • Wartime Relocation of Civilians payments authorized by Public Law 100-383.
  • Radiation Exposure Compensation Act of October 15, 1990,  P.L. 101-425, Section (h)(2) payments.
  • Money placed in escrow under the HUD Family Self-sufficiency Program. Consider the money plus interest earned as totally unavailable to the EU. Participants in this program have an economic independence contract with HUD.
  • Resources verified as belonging to an individual or EU who are categorically eligible. Exclude these resources from the EU’s total resources.
  • Allowances paid to children of Vietnam veterans who are born with spinal bifida.
  • Payments to persons because of their status as victims of Nazi persecution.
  • Payments made under a crime victim compensation program.
  • Economic Impact Payments resulting from the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 and the American Rescue Plan Act, 2021. This must be entered as a resource and not income. This payment should not be taken into account as income and should be excluded as a resource for 12 months from receipt. These payments count as a tax rebate or advance payment of a tax credit that are exempted as income per Section 103(d) of the American Taxpayer Relief Act amending the relevant statutory provision, 26 U.S.C. § 6409.